Oracle Security: SQL Injection

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What is SQL Injection ?

SQL injection is a technique to maliciously exploit applications that use client-supplied data in SQL statements. Attackers trick the SQL engine into executing unintended commands by supplying specially crafted string input, thereby gaining unauthorized access to a database in order to view or manipulate restricted data.

How does SQL Injection take place?

Incorrectly validated or nonvalidated string literals are concatenated into a dynamic SQL statement, and interpreted as code by the SQL engine. The code passages below are examples of code that is vulnarable for SQL Injection:

Stmt CONSTANT VARCHAR2(4000) :=
'select email from employees 
where email = '''|| p_email|| ''' 
and last_name = ''' ||p_last_name || '''';
Stmt2 CONSTANT VARCHAR2(4000) := 'select '||p_colname||' from '||p_tablename;